III. Shakespeare on Film and Television

In the last few years there has been an explosion of interest in Shakespeare on the large and small screen at the same time that there have been a number of new films and television productions of the plays. Scripts from or histories of major motion pictures (such as the two films by Kenneth Branagh and Peter Greenaway's Prospero's Books) are often published (I list two rare Kozintsev volumes in Section IV.B). There are also, usually, numerous newspaper and magazine reviews. It is impossible to keep up with the latter kind of material, and I do not attempt it here. There are several general accounts; the more recent are more theoretically inclined.

Ball, Robert Hamilton. Shakespeare on Silent Film. New York: Theater Arts Books, 1968. Hard to believe that it existed, I know, but there was extensive silent film Shakespeare. Ball's book is the only resource for this phenomenon.

Buchman, Lorne M. Still in Movement: Shakespeare on Screen. Oxford: Oxford U.P., 1991.

Bulman, J.C. and H.R. Coursen, eds. Shakespeare On Television. Hanover: University Press of New England, 1988. A fascinating volume, the first to take TV Shakespeare seriously.

Davies, Anthony. Filming Shakespeare's Plays. Cambridge: Cambridge U. P., 1988. New, useful.

Davies, Anthony, and Stanley Wells, eds. Shakespeare and the Moving Image: the plays on film and television. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. A collection of essays by noted scholars, usefully follows Bulman and Coursen's lead in its attention to television.

Donaldson, Peter S. Shakespearean Films/Shakespearean Directors. Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1990. Contains the only readily available essay I know of that discusses Liz White's difficult to obtain Othello, of particular interest for those with a psychoanalytic bent.

Eckert, Charles W., ed. Focus On Shakespearean Films. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1972. One of the earliest collections of essays. Surprisingly useful and full of facts.

Jorgens, Jack J. Shakespeare On Film. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1977. Useful for factual information but I frequently quarrel with his interpretations.

Manvell, Roger. Shakespeare and the Film. New York: A. S. Barnes and Company, 1979. The first major work on the subject and still one of the best.

McKernan, Luke, and Olwen Terris, eds. Walking Shadows: Shakespeare in the National Film and Television Archive. London: British Film Institute Publishing, 1994. This is a deceptive book: its primary use is as an advertisement for the holdings of the British National Film & Television Archive, but the volume also contains a number of essays. Not only does it list full productions, but also snippets, parodies and scenes. One example is the 1940 cartoon "Shakespearian Spinach," with Popeye as Romeo and Olive Oyl as Juliet.

Pilkington, Ace G. Screening Shakespeare from Richard II to Henry V. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1991.

Willis, Susan. The BBC Shakespeare Plays: Making the Televised Canon. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.
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